You often hear the words organic, natural and biodynamic talked about in tandem and they do sit under the same ‘natural’ umbrella so to speak - but there is a difference.
Natural wine is a broad term & refers to wines that have been made with as little intervention as possible from the growing of the wine to the winemaking process, but it isn't certified and each wine maker may have a different approach to it. But a lot stick to similar methods, some of these can be found in our Natural Wine Glossary.
Organic grape-growing follows basic rules, such as banning the use of artificial pesticides and minimising sprays in the vineyard. Methods of preventing pests are also naturally derived, such as pheromones, trying to avoid the overuse of chemicals. In the winery, many additives are prohibited, and what is used often needs to be organically sourced. The exact regulations depend from country to country however, although standards are the same across the EU.
Biodynamic wine is less set in stone. It is more about a general philosophy than fully established principles. Based on Rudolf Steiner’s principles, the idea is that a vineyard must be balanced and in harmony with nature. It uses organic principles as a base, but goes further. Crop rotation and biodiversity are encouraged, but it also stretches to picking by the full moon, burying horns packed with manure as fertiliser and the use of homeopathic sprays, among other things. Some follow all of these principles, but most try to at least follow the spirit of embracing nature and reduced human intervention.